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Advances in Pediatrics

Hearing Loss and Cochlear Implantation in Children

      Hearing loss is the most common congenital sensory impairment, with an incidence of 2 to 3 per 1000 live births. Approximately half of these newborns have severe-profound loss. Hearing loss can significantly hinder a child’s expressive and receptive communication and, as a result, be detrimental to cognitive, educational, and psychosocial development. Fortunately, with the advent of universal newborn hearing screening, which is now mandated in most states, hearing loss is usually discovered very early in life. This screening provides the opportunity to intervene in the nascent stages of childhood development. Early intervention has far-reaching impact not only in terms of furthering a child’s communication abilities, but also in its potential to change the direction of a child’s life.
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