Advertisement
Advances in Pediatrics

Brain Surgery for Medically Intractable Epilepsy

      Keywords

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Advances in Pediatrics
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Kim H.
        • Thurman D.J.
        • Durgin T.
        • et al.
        Estimating Epilepsy Incidence and Prevalence in the US Pediatric Population Using Nationwide Health Insurance Claims Data.
        J Child Neurol. 2016; 31: 743-749
        • Kwan P.
        • Brodie M.J.
        Early identification of refractory epilepsy.
        N Engl J Med. 2000; 342: 314-319
        • Kalilani L.
        • Sun X.
        • Pelgrims B.
        • et al.
        The epidemiology of drug-resistant epilepsy: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
        Epilepsia. 2018; 59: 2179-2193
        • Kwan P.
        • Arzimanoglou A.
        • Berg A.T.
        • et al.
        Definition of drug resistant epilepsy: consensus proposal by the ad hoc Task Force of the ILAE Commission on Therapeutic Strategies.
        Epilepsia. 2010; 51: 1069-1077
        • Rao S.
        • Stino A.
        • Seraji-Bozorgzad N.
        • et al.
        Seizure-related injury and postictal aggression in refractory epilepsy patients.
        Epilepsy Res. 2020; 160: 106281https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2020.106281
        • Deleo F.
        • Quintas R.
        • Pastori C.
        • et al.
        Quality of life, psychiatric symptoms, and stigma perception in three groups of persons with epilepsy.
        Epilepsy Behav. 2020; 110: 107170https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2020.107170
        • Harden C.
        • Tomson T.
        • Gloss D.
        • et al.
        Practice Guideline Summary: Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy Incidence Rates and Risk Factors: Report of the Guideline Development, Dissemination, and Implementation Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology and the American Epilepsy Society.
        Epilepsy Curr. 2017; 17: 180-187
        • Wiebe S.
        • Blume W.T.
        • Girvin J.P.
        • et al.
        Effectiveness, Efficiency of Surgery for Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Study G. A randomized, controlled trial of surgery for temporal-lobe epilepsy.
        N Engl J Med. 2001; 345: 311-318
        • Dwivedi R.
        • Ramanujam B.
        • Chandra P.S.
        • et al.
        Surgery for Drug-Resistant Epilepsy in Children.
        N Engl J Med. 2017; 377: 1639-1647
        • Park K.M.
        • Kim S.E.
        • Lee B.I.
        Antiepileptic Drug Therapy in Patients with Drug-Resistant Epilepsy.
        J Epilepsy Res. 2019; 9: 14-26
        • Krumholz A.
        • Wiebe S.
        • Gronseth G.
        • et al.
        Practice Parameter: evaluating an apparent unprovoked first seizure in adults (an evidence-based review): report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology and the American Epilepsy Society.
        Neurology. 2007; 69: 1996-2007
        • Knake S.
        • Triantafyllou C.
        • Wald L.L.
        • et al.
        3T phased array MRI improves the presurgical evaluation in focal epilepsies: a prospective study.
        Neurology. 2005; 65: 1026-1031
        • Wang I.
        • Oh S.
        • Blumcke I.
        • et al.
        Value of 7T MRI and post-processing in patients with nonlesional 3T MRI undergoing epilepsy presurgical evaluation.
        Epilepsia. 2020; 61: 2509-2520
        • Gursoy S.
        • Ercal D.
        Diagnostic Approach to Genetic Causes of Early-Onset Epileptic Encephalopathy.
        J Child Neurol. 2016; 31: 523-532
        • Shorvon S.D.
        The etiologic classification of epilepsy.
        Epilepsia. 2011; 52: 1052-1057
        • Kovac S.
        • Vakharia V.N.
        • Scott C.
        • et al.
        Invasive epilepsy surgery evaluation.
        Seizure. 2017; 44: 125-136https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2016.10.016
        • Isnard J.
        • Taussig D.
        • Bartolomei F.
        • et al.
        French guidelines on stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG).
        Neurophysiol Clin. 2018; 48: 5-13https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neucli.2017.11.005
        • Sugano H.
        • Arai H.
        Epilepsy surgery for pediatric epilepsy: optimal timing of surgical intervention.
        Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2015; 55: 399-406
        • Morrell F.
        Varieties of human secondary epileptogenesis.
        J Clin Neurophysiol. 1989; 6: 227-275
        • Holthausen H.
        • Pieper T.
        • Kudernatsch M.
        Towards early diagnosis and treatment to save children from catastrophic epilepsy -- focus on epilepsy surgery.
        Brain Dev Sep. 2013; 35: 730-741
        • Ismail F.Y.
        • Fatemi A.
        • Johnston M.V.
        Cerebral plasticity: Windows of opportunity in the developing brain.
        Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2017; 21: 23-48
        • Benifla M.
        • Otsubo H.
        • Ochi A.
        • et al.
        Temporal lobe surgery for intractable epilepsy in children: an analysis of outcomes in 126 children.
        Neurosurgery. 2006; 59 (discussion 1213-4): 1203-1213
        • Englot D.J.
        • Rolston J.D.
        • Wang D.D.
        • et al.
        Seizure outcomes after temporal lobectomy in pediatric patients.
        J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2013; 12: 134-141
        • Bourgeois M.
        • Sainte-Rose C.
        • Lellouch-Tubiana A.
        • et al.
        Surgery of epilepsy associated with focal lesions in childhood.
        J Neurosurg. 1999; 90: 833-842
        • Barba C.
        • Cossu M.
        • Guerrini R.
        • et al.
        Temporal lobe epilepsy surgery in children and adults: A multicenter study.
        Epilepsia. 2021; 62: 128-142
        • Arya R.
        • Mangano F.T.
        • Horn P.S.
        • et al.
        Long-term seizure outcomes after pediatric temporal lobectomy: does brain MRI lesion matter?.
        J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2019; 24: 200-208
        • Sinclair D.B.
        • Wheatley M.
        • Aronyk K.
        • et al.
        Pathology and neuroimaging in pediatric temporal lobectomy for intractable epilepsy.
        Pediatr Neurosurg. 2001; 35: 239-246
        • Wu C.
        • Jermakowicz W.J.
        • Chakravorti S.
        • et al.
        Effects of surgical targeting in laser interstitial thermal therapy for mesial temporal lobe epilepsy: A multicenter study of 234 patients.
        Epilepsia. 2019; 60: 1171-1183
        • Ansari S.F.
        • Maher C.O.
        • Tubbs R.S.
        • et al.
        Surgery for extratemporal nonlesional epilepsy in children: a meta-analysis.
        Childs Nerv Syst. 2010; 26: 945-951
        • Najm I.M.
        • Sarnat H.B.
        • Blumcke I.
        Review: The international consensus classification of Focal Cortical Dysplasia - a critical update 2018.
        Neuropathol Appl Neurobiol. 2018; 44: 18-31
        • Mellerio C.
        • Labeyrie M.A.
        • Chassoux F.
        • et al.
        3T MRI improves the detection of transmantle sign in type 2 focal cortical dysplasia.
        Epilepsia. 2014; 55: 117-122
        • Jin B.
        • Krishnan B.
        • Adler S.
        • et al.
        Automated detection of focal cortical dysplasia type II with surface-based magnetic resonance imaging postprocessing and machine learning.
        Epilepsia. 2018; 59: 982-992
        • Rowland N.C.
        • Englot D.J.
        • Cage T.A.
        • et al.
        A meta-analysis of predictors of seizure freedom in the surgical management of focal cortical dysplasia.
        J Neurosurg. 2012; 116: 1035-1041
        • Scholly J.
        • Staack A.M.
        • Kahane P.
        • et al.
        Hypothalamic hamartoma: Epileptogenesis beyond the lesion?.
        Epilepsia. 2017; 58: 32-40
        • Bourdillon P.
        • Ferrand-Sorbet S.
        • Apra C.
        • et al.
        Surgical treatment of hypothalamic hamartomas.
        Neurosurg Rev. 2021; 44: 753-762
        • Tellez-Zenteno J.F.
        • Hernandez Ronquillo L.
        • Moien-Afshari F.
        • et al.
        Surgical outcomes in lesional and non-lesional epilepsy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
        Epilepsy Res. 2010; 89: 310-318
        • Markosian C.
        • Dodson V.
        • Zhang H.J.
        • et al.
        Total and partial posterior quadrant disconnection for medically refractory epilepsy: A systematic review.
        Seizure. 2021; 91: 66-71https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2021.05.018
        • Desai A.
        • Bekelis K.
        • Darcey T.M.
        • et al.
        Surgical techniques for investigating the role of the insula in epilepsy: a review.
        Neurosurg Focus. 2012; 32: E6https://doi.org/10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS11325
        • Kappen P.
        • Eltze C.
        • Tisdall M.
        • et al.
        Stereo-EEG exploration in the insula/operculum in paediatric patients with refractory epilepsy.
        Seizure. 2020; 78: 63-70https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2020.02.011
        • Barba C.
        • Minotti L.
        • Job A.S.
        • et al.
        The Insula in Temporal Plus Epilepsy.
        J Clin Neurophysiol. 2017; 34: 324-327
        • Weil A.G.
        • Le N.M.
        • Jayakar P.
        • et al.
        Medically resistant pediatric insular-opercular/perisylvian epilepsy. Part 2: outcome following resective surgery.
        J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2016; 18: 523-535
        • Gireesh E.D.
        • Lee K.
        • Skinner H.
        • et al.
        Intracranial EEG and laser interstitial thermal therapy in MRI-negative insular and/or cingulate epilepsy: case series.
        J Neurosurg. 2020; : 1-9https://doi.org/10.3171/2020.7.JNS201912
        • Morrell F.
        • Whisler W.W.
        • Bleck T.P.
        Multiple subpial transection: a new approach to the surgical treatment of focal epilepsy.
        J Neurosurg. 1989; 70: 231-239
        • Spencer S.S.
        • Schramm J.
        • Wyler A.
        • et al.
        Multiple subpial transection for intractable partial epilepsy: an international meta-analysis.
        Epilepsia. 2002; 43: 141-145
        • Finet P.
        • Santos L.P.
        • El Tahry R.
        • et al.
        Clinical Outcome of Radiating Multiple Subpial Transections Alone for Drug Resistant Epilepsy After More Than 5 Years Follow-Up.
        World Neurosurg. 2019; 126: e1155-e1159https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.02.218
        • Berl M.M.
        • Mayo J.
        • Parks E.N.
        • et al.
        Regional differences in the developmental trajectory of lateralization of the language network.
        Hum Brain Mapp. 2014; 35: 270-284
        • Anderson V.
        • Spencer-Smith M.
        • Wood A.
        Do children really recover better? Neurobehavioural plasticity after early brain insult.
        Brain. 2011; 134: 2197-2221
        • Jea A.
        • Vachhrajani S.
        • Widjaja E.
        • et al.
        Corpus callosotomy in children and the disconnection syndromes: a review.
        Childs Nerv Syst. 2008; 24: 685-692
        • Graham D.
        • Tisdall M.M.
        • Gill D.
        Corpus callosotomy outcomes in pediatric patients: A systematic review.
        Epilepsia. 2016; 57: 1053-1068
        • Smyth M.D.
        • Vellimana A.K.
        • Asano E.
        • et al.
        Corpus callosotomy-Open and endoscopic surgical techniques.
        Epilepsia. 2017; 58: 73-79
        • Roland J.L.
        • Akbari S.H.A.
        • Salehi A.
        • et al.
        Corpus callosotomy performed with laser interstitial thermal therapy.
        J Neurosurg. 2019; : 1-9https://doi.org/10.3171/2019.9.JNS191769
        • Weil A.G.
        • Lewis E.C.
        • Ibrahim G.M.
        • et al.
        Hemispherectomy Outcome Prediction Scale: Development and validation of a seizure freedom prediction tool.
        Epilepsia. 2021; 62: 1064-1073
        • Fallah A.
        • Lewis E.
        • Ibrahim G.M.
        • et al.
        Comparison of the real-world effectiveness of vertical versus lateral functional hemispherotomy techniques for pediatric drug-resistant epilepsy: A post hoc analysis of the HOPS study.
        Epilepsia. 2021; 62: 2707-2718
        • Fisher R.
        • Salanova V.
        • Witt T.
        • et al.
        Electrical stimulation of the anterior nucleus of thalamus for treatment of refractory epilepsy.
        Epilepsia. 2010; 51: 899-908
        • Salanova V.
        • Witt T.
        • Worth R.
        • et al.
        Long-term efficacy and safety of thalamic stimulation for drug-resistant partial epilepsy.
        Neurology. 2015; 84: 1017-1025
        • Salanova V.
        • Sperling M.R.
        • Gross R.E.
        • et al.
        The SANTE study at 10 years of follow-up: Effectiveness, safety, and sudden unexpected death in epilepsy.
        Epilepsia. 2021; 62: 1306-1317
        • Troster A.I.
        • Meador K.J.
        • Irwin C.P.
        • et al.
        Memory and mood outcomes after anterior thalamic stimulation for refractory partial epilepsy.
        Seizure. 2017; 45: 133-141https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2016.12.014
        • Yan H.
        • Toyota E.
        • Anderson M.
        • et al.
        A systematic review of deep brain stimulation for the treatment of drug-resistant epilepsy in childhood.
        J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2018; 23: 274-284
        • Jain P.
        • Arya R.
        Vagus nerve stimulation and seizure outcomes in pediatric refractory epilepsy: systematic review and meta-analysis.
        Neurology. 2021; https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000012030
        • Nagahama Y.
        • Zervos T.M.
        • Murata K.K.
        • et al.
        Real-world preliminary experience with responsive neurostimulation in pediatric epilepsy: a multicenter retrospective observational study.
        Neurosurgery. 2021; https://doi.org/10.1093/neuros/nyab343